The Indiana General Assembly is the branch of state government that makes and passes laws, which are then signed into law or vetoed by the Executive, the Governor of Indiana. The General Assembly is made up of two houses, the House of Representatives and the Senate. These part-time legislators convene every year in early January and must adjourn by March 15. The Governor may call a special session as needed for the legislature to complete any work deemed essential.
The process of bringing a bill to a vote in the General Assembly typically begins with advocacy—citizens and groups attempting to influence lawmakers on a particular issue and lobby for legislation to address the issue.
Once a bill is introduced, there are many steps it must go through and several possible results. Lawmakers read the bill and may refer it to a committee for action. Depending on what action is taken, this process may repeat several times until there is an agreement on the specifics of the bill. Then the bill goes to the General Assembly for a vote.