Several recent U.S. Supreme Court decisions have been historical in nature, and have fundamentally changed our understanding of certain rights:
2010 | In Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission, the Court ruled 5–4 that the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution protects the political campaign spending of corporations.
More info: www.aclu.org/cases/citizens-united-v-federal-election-commission
2012 | In National Federation of Independent Business v. Kathleen Sebelius, Secretary of Health and Human Services, the Court ruled 5–4 that the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate is constitutional under Congress's taxing authority, and it upheld the expansion of Medicaid, the government's health insurance program for low-income Americans.
More info: www.aclu.org/news/aclu-welcomes-health-care-decision.
2013 | In Shelby County v. Holder, the Court in a 5-4 ruling struck down part of the Voting Rights Act, a federal law that established a formula for Congress to use when determining whether a state or voting jurisdiction requires prior approval before changing its voting laws.
More info: www.aclu.org/issues/voting-rights.
2015| In Obergefell v. Hodges, the Court ruled 5-4 that same-sex couples have the fundamental right to marry and that states cannot assert that marriage is reserved for heterosexual couples.
More info: www.aclu.org/issues/lgbt-rights.
2014 | In Riley v.California, the Court decided unanimously that police need a warrant to search a suspect's cellphone.
More info: www.aclu.org/issues/privacy-technology.
2016 | In Utah v. Strieff, the Court clarified the scope of the Fourth Amendment's exclusionary rule, ruling 5-3 that prosecuting attorneys may use evidence seized after an arrest on an outstanding warrant that was discovered after an unconstitutional stop.
More info: https://www.aclu.org/cases/utah-v-strieff
2016 | In Whole Woman's Health v. Hellerstedt, the Court ruled 5-3 that state or federal laws that directly or indirectly deny a woman the right to a safe and legal abortion violate constitutional protections of privacy.
More info: https://www.aclu.org/cases/whole-womans-health-v-hellerstedt