The Fourth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution protects Americans against unreasonable searches and seizures, without probable cause and without a Warrant. The Fourteenth Amendment, which states that "No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States...." applies these protections in the states.
James Wierciak is a Hamilton County, Ind. resident who has been prescribed pain medications for nearly two decades to manage the chronic pain caused by a variety of health problems. But in late 2013, the Indiana Medical Licensing Board adopted new rules requiring people like James who receive certain levels of common pain medications from their physicians to sign a treatment agreement that mandates annual drug testing.
In the 2014 legislative session, Indiana lawmakers once again attempted to pass a bill requiring drug testing for people who need public assistance for food and shelter. Fortunately, with your help, this legislation was defeated for the third consecutive session.
In the mid-to-late 1990s, the ACLU of Indiana (then known as the Indiana Civil Liberties Union or ICLU) brought suit against several schools for policies regarding student drug testing.